This medication is employed to prevent individuals who have been addicted to drugs that are certainopiates) from taking them again. It is used as part of a treatment that is complete for drug abuse (e.g., compliance monitoring, counseling, behavioral contract, changes in lifestyle). This medicine must not be used in people currently taking opiates, including methadone. Doing so may cause withdrawal that is sudden.
Naltrexone belongs to a class of drugs known as opiate antagonists. It really works within the brain to prevent opiate effects (e.g., feelings of well-being, pain relief). It also decreases the need to take opiates.
This medicine can also be used to treat alcohol abuse. It can help people drink less alcohol or stop drinking altogether. It decreases the desire to take in liquor when used with a treatment program that includes counseling, support, and lifestyle changes.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food, frequently 50 milligrams once daily or as directed by the doctor. This medication may be given as part of a scheduled program where a health care professional will watch you take the medication. In this case, your doctor may order a higher dose (100-150 milligrams) to be taken every 2-3 days to make it easier to schedule clinic visits. Naltrexone may be taken with food or antacids if stomach occurs that are upset.
A urine test is done to check for current drug use that is opiate. Your doctor might give you another medication (naloxone challenge test) to test for opiate use. Do not use any opiates for at least seven days prior to starting naltrexone. You may have to stop particular drugs that are opiatesuch as for instance methadone) 10 to 14 days before starting naltrexone.
Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Your doctor may start you at a lower dose and monitor you for any relative unwanted effects or withdrawal symptoms before increasing your dose. Take this medication as directed. Don't raise your dose, take it more often, or stop taking it without your physician's approval.
Use this medication frequently to get the benefit that is most from it. Each day to help you remember, take it at the same time.
Tell your physician if you start utilizing drugs or alcohol once more.
Nausea, headache, dizziness, anxiety, tiredness, and trouble sleeping might occur. In a small number of people, mild opiate withdrawal symptoms may occur, including abdominal cramps, restlessness, bone/joint pain, muscle aches, and runny nose. If some of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist quickly.
Keep in mind that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Unexpected opiate withdrawal symptoms can occur within a few minutes after using naltrexone. Tell your physician right away if some of these withdrawal signs occur: abdominal cramps, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, joint/bone/muscle aches, mental/mood changes (e.g., anxiety, confusion, extreme sleepiness, visual hallucinations), runny nose.
Naltrexone has rarely caused serious liver disease. The risk is increased when bigger doses are utilized. Discuss the risks and advantages along with your medical practitioner. Stop by using this medication and inform your doctor right away if you develop symptoms of liver illness, including: persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain, dark urine, yellowing eyes/skin.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any outward symptoms of a critical allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is simply not a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your physician for medical advice about unwanted effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You'll report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking naltrexone, tell your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which could cause allergies or other dilemmas. Confer with your pharmacist for lots more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: current or recent use (in the final 7 to 14 days) of any type of opioid drug (such as morphine, methadone, buprenorphine), renal disease, liver disease.
You need to carry or wear medical identification stating that you are using this drug so that appropriate treatment could be given in a emergency that is medical.
This drug might make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
After stopping naltrexone treatment, you may be more sensitive to lower doses of opioids, upping your risk of possibly life-threatening side effects from the narcotic (e.g., decreased breathing, loss of consciousness).
This medication blocks the consequences of opiate drugs (including heroin) and comparable drugs (opioids). However, large doses of heroin or narcotics can overcome this block. Trying to over come this block is extremely dangerous and may cause serious injury, loss of consciousness, and death. Ensure you completely understand and accept the risks and benefits of using this medication. Follow your physician's instructions closely.
Before having surgery or any medical treatment, tell your physician or dentist that you are taking this medicine.
During pregnancy, this medication ought to be utilized only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits together with your physician.
It's not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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