Allopurinol is used to treat gout and certain types of kidney stones. It can also be used to prevent increased uric acid levels in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. These patients can have increased uric acid levels due to release of uric acid through the dying cancer cells. Allopurinol works by reducing the number of uric acid made by the body. Increased acid that is uric can cause gout and kidney problems.
Take this medication by mouth, usually as soon as daily or as directed by your physician. Take this medicine after meals to reduce stomach upset. If your dose is more than 300 milligrams a day, you will need to take several smaller doses during the day to get this amount (ask your doctor for directions).
It is better to drink a glass that is full of with each dose and at least 8 more glasses (8 ounces each) of fluid a day. If your doctor has directed you to drink less fluid for other reasons that are medical consult with your doctor for further guidelines. Your doctor may also instruct you on how exactly to decrease acid in your urine (e.g., avoiding big levels of ascorbic acid/vitamin C).
Dosage is dependant on your medical condition and response to treatment. Use this medication regularly to get the benefit that is most from it. That will help you remember, take it at the time( that is same) each time.
For the treating gout, it may take up to several weeks for this medicine to have an effect. You may have more gout attacks for several months after starting this medicine while the body removes extra uric acid. Allopurinol isn't a pain reliever. To relieve pain from gout, continue to take your medicines that are prescribed gout attacks (e.g., colchicine, ibuprofen, indomethacin) as directed by your physician.
Inform your doctor when your condition persists or worsens.
Stomach upset, nausea, diarrhea, or drowsiness might occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your medical professional has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Tell your doctor right away if some of these rare but extremely adverse that is serious happen: numbness/tingling of arms/legs, effortless bleeding/bruising, indications of infection (age.g., fever, persistent sore throat), unusual tiredness, painful/bloody urination, modification within the quantity of urine, yellowing eyes/skin, severe stomach/abdominal discomfort, persistent nausea/vomiting, dark urine, unusual weight loss, eye pain, eyesight changes.
A really serious (possibly fatal) allergic response to this drug is uncommon. But, seek immediate attention that is medical you notice any observeable symptoms of a serious hypersensitive reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially associated with the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about part effects. You may report effects that are side Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side impacts. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking allopurinol, tell your physician or pharmacist if you have had a severe reaction to it; or if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which could cause allergic reactions or other dilemmas. Talk to your pharmacist for more information.
Before using this medication, tell your medical professional or pharmacist your medical history, specially of: liver disease, kidney disease, diabetes, raised blood pressure (high blood pressure), uncommon diets (e.g., fasting).
This drug may make you drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure.
Alcohol might decrease the effectiveness of this drug. Limit beverages that are alcoholic.
Kidney function declines as you get older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, older grownups may be at greater risk for unwanted effects while using this drug.
During pregnancy, this medication should be utilized just when demonstrably required. Talk about the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Allopurinol passes into breast milk. Consult your medical professional before breast-feeding.
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