Acetazolamide is used to stop and minimize the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, sickness, dizziness, and shortness of breath that can happen when you rise quickly to high altitudes (generally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a ascent that is slow. The greatest ways to prevent altitude illness are climbing gradually, stopping for 24 hours during the climb to allow the body to fully adjust to the height that is new and taking it easy the first 1 to 2 days.
This medication is additionally utilized with other medications to deal with a particular type of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the level of fluid that may build-up in the eye. It's also used to decrease a buildup of body fluids (edema) caused by congestive heart failure or medications that are certain. Acetazolamide can work less well over time, so it is usually used only for a period that is short.
It has also been used with other medications to treat particular types of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this medication that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but which may be prescribed by your wellbeing care professional. Use this drug for a state of being which is listed in this section only if it has been therefore prescribed by the health care professional.
Acetazolamide can also be used to treat periodic paralysis.
Acetazolamide may be taken with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to therapy.
To prevent altitude sickness, start taking acetazolamide 1 to 2 days before you start to climb. Continue taking it after you have reached your final altitude while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours. You may have to continue taking this medication while residing at the high altitude to control your symptoms. If you develop severe altitude sickness, it is important that you climb down as quickly as possible. Acetazolamide will not protect you through the serious effects of serious altitude illness. (See also Precautions.)
If you are using this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medicine regularly as directed to have the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each day. Taking your last dose in the early evening will help prevent you from having to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult your doctor or pharmacist when you have questions about your dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dosage or stop using this medicine without very first consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is unexpectedly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
When used for a long period, this medication may not work also and could require different dosing. Your doctor shall be monitoring your condition. Tell your medical professional if your trouble doesn't improve or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug may reduce the potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor may recommend that you eat foods rich in potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice) while you are taking this medication. Your physician may prescribe a potassium also health supplement for you personally to simply take during treatment. Consult your doctor for lots more information.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, and a heightened amount of urine may occur, particularly throughout the very first few days as your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your pharmacist or doctor.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Tell your doctor appropriate away if some of these most unlikely but serious negative effects happen: increased human anatomy hair, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, uncommon tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe pain that is stomach/abdominal.
Look for immediate medical attention if any of these unlikely but very severe adverse effects occur: effortless bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, indications of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore neck), mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), serious muscle cramps/pain, tingling for the hands/feet, bloodstream into the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
a really serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may consist of: blisters/sores in the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
That is perhaps not a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking acetazolamide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which could cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
This medication should never be used for those who have certain conditions that are medical. Before using this medicine, consult your physician or pharmacist if you have actually: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood levels of sodium or potassium, severe kidney condition, severe liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (age.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medication, tell your physician or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high levels of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While this medicine can help you get accustomed to high altitudes and help you tolerate quick climbs, it cannot completely prevent serious altitude sickness. Outward indications of serious altitude sickness may include: severe shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), not enough coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, severe headache.
That you descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems if you develop any of these symptoms, it is very important.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit beverages that are alcoholic.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when increasing from a seated or position that is lying.
This drug may rarely make your blood sugar levels rise, causing or diabetes that are worsening. Tell your doctor appropriate away if you develop symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst or tiredness.
If you already have diabetic issues, be certain to check your glucose levels regularly. This medicine may cause your blood also sugar levels to fall. Symptoms of low blood sugar include fast/pounding heartbeat, shakiness, hunger and sweating. It really is a good habit to carry sugar tablets or gel to treat blood sugar that is low. If you are in a situation where you don't have these reliable forms of glucose, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level. Inform your physician right away concerning the reaction.
This medicine may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear clothing that is protective outdoors.
This medication should not be used in kids less than 12 because it could affect growth that is normal.
This medicine should be used with caution into the elderly because they may be more sensitive to its unwanted effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medicine must be used during pregnancy only if obviously required. Discuss the risks and advantages with your physician.
This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing baby. Consult your medical practitioner before breast-feeding.
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