See also Warning section.
Promethazine is used to avoid and treat sickness and vomiting related to conditions that are certainsuch as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and nose that is runny. It could be used to help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or even to help certain narcotic pain relievers (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the common cold.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an reaction that is allergic. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other substances that are naturalsuch as for instance acetylcholine) and by acting entirely on certain areas of the brain.
Cough-and-cold services and products have not been shown to be safe or effective in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat cold symptoms in children more youthful than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Some products (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are perhaps not suitable for use in children younger than 12 years. Ask your pharmacist or doctor for more details about using your product safely.
These products never cure or shorten the size of the common cold and may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious adverse effects, carefully follow all dosage guidelines. Never offer other cough-and-cold medication that might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking fluids that are enough using a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Suggestions Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking promethazine and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant concerns, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without meals as directed by your doctor, usually 2 to 4 times day-to-day. The first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel for motion sickness. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid being drowsy during the afternoon. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed night.
If you are using the liquid form of this medication, very carefully measure the dosage utilizing a measuring device/spoon that is special. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the dose that is correct.
The dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. In kids, the dosage can also be according to weight. Usually do not increase your dosage or take this medication more often than directed.
Tell your doctor if your problem does not improve or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred eyesight, or mouth that is dry occur. If any of these results persist or worsen, tell your medical professional.
To alleviate dry mouth, suck (sugarless) hard candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, drink water, or use a saliva replacement.
Understand that your physician has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor straight away in the event that you have any serious side-effects, including: fainting, sluggish heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled movements (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue movements), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, easy bleeding/bruising, signs of infection (such as fever, persistent sore neck), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get help that is medical away if you have any very severe part results, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may rarely cause an extremely condition that is serious neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get help that is medical away if you have any of the following symptoms: temperature, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, severe confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, change in the quantity of urine.
A really serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away in the event that you notice any observeable symptoms of a serious hypersensitive reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, trouble breathing.
This might be not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about side results. You may report adverse effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking promethazine, inform your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which causes sensitive reactions or other problems. Communicate with your pharmacist for lots more details.
Before by using this medication, inform your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, anti snoring), blood/immune system issues (such as bone marrow depression), high pressure within the attention (glaucoma), cardiovascular illnesses (such as irregular heartbeat), high bloodstream pressure, liver illness, specific brain disorders (such as neuroleptic malignant problem, Reye's syndrome, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as for example blockage, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (as an example, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the merchandise you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
Promethazine may make you more responsive to the sunlight. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Utilize a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outside.
This medication might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. As soon as the weather is hot, drink a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and sleep. Get help that is medical away when you have a fever that does not go away, mental/mood changes, frustration, or dizziness.
Fluid products may include sugar and/or liquor. Caution is recommended you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires. Ask your pharmacist or doctor about using this item safely.
Children may be more painful and sensitive to the medial side effects of this drug, especially slowed respiration (see alert part). This drug can cause excitement in often young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), those that have actually a family history of unexpected infant death problem (SIDS), and those who find themselves hard to wake up from sleep.
Older adults may be more sensitive to the relative side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or trouble urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can increase the risk of falling.
During maternity, this medicine must certanly be used only whenever plainly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits together with your physician.
It's unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It may have effects that are undesirable a nursing infant. Check with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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