This medication is used to treat or prevent certain urinary tract infections.
This medicine is an antibiotic that works by stopping the development of bacteria. It will maybe not work for viral infections (e.g., common cold, flu). Unnecessary overuse or use of any antibiotic can result in its decreased effectiveness.
Nitrofurantoin really should not be used in kids significantly less than a month of age as a result of the danger of a specific blood issue (hemolytic anemia).
Take this medication by lips, with food or milk, as directed by your doctor. This medication is usually taken four times daily to treat an infection or once daily at bedtime to prevent infections. Swallow the medication whole. Avoid using magnesium trisilicate-containing antacids while using this medication. Magnesium trisilicate-containing antacids bind with nitrofurantoin, preventing its complete consumption.
Dosage and duration is founded on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight.
Antibiotics work best when the amount of medicine in your body is kept at a constant level. Therefore, take this medication at evenly spaced intervals.
When taking this medication to stop infection, take it exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not skip doses or stop taking it without your doctor's approval. Inform your doctor if you notice signs of a new urinary tract infection (e.g., pain while you are urinating).
If you're taking this medication to take care of an infection, continue to simply take this medication until the full-prescribed amount is completed, whether or not signs disappear after a couple of days. Stopping the medication too early may allow bacteria to keep to grow, which may result in a relapse associated with infection. Inform your physician if your condition persists or worsens.
Sickness, vomiting, loss of appetite, or headache may occur. Take this medication with food to help minimize nausea. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your pharmacist or doctor quickly.
This medication might cause your urine to turn dark yellow or brown in color. This effect is harmless and will disappear completely when the medication is stopped.
Remember that your physician has prescribed this medicine because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
This medication may cause very serious rarely (possibly fatal) lung problems. Lung problems may occur within the month that is first of or after long-lasting use of nitrofurantoin (generally for six months or longer). Get medical help immediately if you develop signs of lung problems, including: persistent coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath/trouble breathing, joint/muscle pain, bluish/purplish skin.
Inform your doctor immediately if any of these uncommon but very side that is serious occur: new signs of disease (age.g., fever, persistent sore neck), easy bruising/bleeding, mental/mood changes, persistent or severe headaches, vision changes.
This drug may rarely cause serious (possibly fatal) liver disease, blood or nerve problems. Tell your doctor right away if you notice any of the following rare but very serious side effects: persistent nausea/vomiting, dark urine, yellowing of eyes/skin, unusual/persistent fatigue, fast/pounding heartbeat, numbness/tingling of the arms/legs, muscle tissue weakness.
This medication may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a type of resistant bacteria. This condition might occur during treatment or weeks to months after therapy has stopped. Do not use anti-diarrhea products or narcotic pain medicines if you have any of the following symptoms because these products may make them worse. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop: persistent diarrhea, stomach or stomach pain/cramping, blood/mucus in your stool.
Use with this medication for extended or repeated periods may cause oral thrush or a new vaginal yeast infection (e.g., dental or genital fungal illness). Contact your doctor if you notice white spots in your mouth, a change in vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms.
A tremendously serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a significant allergic attack, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
It is not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the usa -
Call your doctor for medical advice about unwanted effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your medical professional for medical advice about adverse effects. You may possibly report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking nitrofurantoin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
This medicine really should not be utilized when you have specific conditions that are medical. Before utilizing this medicine, consult your physician or pharmacist if you have got: little or no urine output (oliguria or anuria), severe renal disease, particular genetic conditions (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency), a brief history of liver problems due to nitrofurantoin use in the past.
Before making use of this medicine, tell your medical professional or pharmacist your health background, especially of: certain blood disorders (e.g., anemia), kidney or liver problems, lung diseases, particular neurological problems (peripheral neuropathy), certain eye diseases (optic neuritis), diabetes, untreated mineral imbalance, vitamin B deficiency.
Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, older adults may be at a greater risk for side effects while using this drug, especially nerve, liver or lung issues (see Side Effects section).
This medication should really be used only whenever demonstrably needed during pregnancy. This medication must not be taken if you are at term (days 38-42 of maternity), near or during the time of delivery due to feasible harm to the newborn, such as a certain bloodstream problem (hemolytic anemia). Discuss the dangers and benefits with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk and could have unwanted effects on nursing infants less than one month old and babies with a specific hereditary condition (G-6-PD deficiency). Consult with your physician before breast-feeding.
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