Topiramate is used alone or with other medications to stop and control seizures (epilepsy). This medication is also used to prevent migraine headaches and decrease how often you get them. Topiramate will not treat a headache that is migraine it occurs. As directed by your doctor (such as by taking pain medication, lying down in a dark room) if you get a migraine headache, treat it.
Topiramate is known as an anticonvulsant or drug that is antiepileptic.
Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet given by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking topiramate and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily. Swallow the tablets whole since breaking them may leave a bitter taste. To avoid renal rocks from forming, drink plenty of liquids while taking this medication unless your physician instructs you otherwise.
Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. Your doctor will gradually increase your dose to lessen your threat of adverse effects. For many conditions, you may turn therapy with topiramate once daily at bedtime and slowly increase your dosage to twice a day. It could take several weeks or months to reach the best dose for you and also to have the full benefit using this medication.
Take this medicine frequently to get the benefit that is most from it. Each day to help you remember, take it at the same times. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this medication is suddenly stopped. Your dosage may need to be gradually decreased.
Tell your doctor if your condition persists or if it worsens.
Tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, loss of coordination, tingling of the hands/feet, loss of appetite, bad style in your lips, diarrhea, and weight-loss may occur. Mental problems such as confusion, slowed thinking, trouble focusing or attention that is paying nervousness, memory problems, or speech/language problems may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Remember that the physician has recommended this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Inform your doctor appropriate away if any of these unlikely but serious negative effects occur: signs of renal rocks (such as for example severe back/side/abdominal/groin pain, temperature, chills, painful/frequent urination, bloody/pink urine).
a small number of people whom simply take anticonvulsants for just about any condition (such as seizures, bipolar condition, pain) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood problems. Tell your doctor right away if you or your family/caregiver notice any unusual/sudden changes in your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming your self.
Tell your physician straight away if any of these rare but serious side effects occur: rapid breathing, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, bone pain, broken bones, loss of consciousness, uncommon bleeding/bruising.
Seldom, topiramate could potentially cause a very serious eye problem, generally within 1 month of starting treatment. If untreated, this eye problem can lead to blindness that is permanent. Consequently, get medical help right away if any of these adverse effects occur: sudden vision modifications (such as decreased vision, blurred eyesight), eye pain/redness.
This medication can rarely cause a serious metabolic problem (high amount of ammonia in the blood), particularly if you are also taking valproic acid. Tell your doctor right away if you experience sudden/unexplained tiredness, vomiting, or mental changes (such as decreased alertness).
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away in the event that you notice any outward symptoms of a serious allergic response, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This isn't a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In america -
Call your physician for medical advice about side-effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking topiramate, tell your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: a certain eye problem (narrow angle glaucoma), kidney problems (such as kidney stones), liver problems, mental/mood problems (such as depression, thoughts of suicide), lung/breathing problems, a certain metabolic imbalance (metabolic acidosis), long-term diarrhea, a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates (ketogenic diet), brittle bones (osteoporosis).
This drug might make you dizzy or drowsy or impair your judgment. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid beverages that are alcoholic.
This medication might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using tubs that are hot. When the weather is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool off and sleep. Get help that is medical away when you have a fever that will not disappear, mental/mood changes, hassle, or dizziness.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about most of the products you use (including prescribed drugs, nonprescription drugs, and organic items).
Kiddies may be more painful and sensitive to the relative adverse effects of this drug, especially weakened bones, slowed growth rate, and decreased sweating. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
Older adults may be much more sensitive to the relative side-effects of this medication, especially dizziness. Dizziness can increase the chance of dropping.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used just when obviously required. It could harm an unborn baby. Discuss the use of reliable forms of birth control with your doctor (see also Drug Interactions section). If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy. If you're taking this drug to deal with seizures, note that untreated seizures are a serious condition that can damage both a pregnant woman and her developing fetus, therefore do not stop using this medication unless directed by your medical professional.
This medicine passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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