Pioglitazone is an anti-diabetic drug (thiazolidinedione-type, also called "glitazones") used along side a proper exercise and diet program to control high blood sugar in patients with diabetes. It works by assisting to restore your body's proper reaction to insulin, thereby decreasing your blood sugar.
Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Pioglitazone can be used either alone or in combination with other anti-diabetic medications (such as for instance metformin or a sulfonylurea such as glyburide).
Talk to your doctor about the potential risks and benefits of pioglitazone.
Read the Medication Guide supplied by your pharmacist before you start using pioglitazone and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medicine by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually once daily. Dosage is based on your condition that is medical to treatment, and if you are taking other anti-diabetic drugs. Your doctor will adjust your dose based on your blood sugar levels to find the dose that is best for you personally. Follow your doctor's directions very carefully.
Take this medication regularly to be able to have the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time each day.
If you're currently taking another anti-diabetic drug (such as for instance metformin or a sulfonylurea), follow your doctor's guidelines very carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and beginning this medication. Carefully stick to the medication treatment plan, meal plan, and exercise program your medical professional has suggested.
Check always your blood sugar levels regularly as directed by the doctor. Keep an eye on the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment might need to be changed. It could take up to 2 to 3 months prior to the full benefit of this drug takes effect.
See also Warning section.
Sore neck, muscle pain, fat gain, or tooth problems may possibly occur. If any of these impacts persist or worsen, notify your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Understand that your physician has prescribed this medicine she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Tell your physician appropriate away if you have any adverse that is serious, including: new/worsening vision problems (such as blurred eyesight), bone fracture, reddish-colored urine, urgent have to urinate, discomfort while urinating.
Pioglitazone might seldom cause liver disease. Inform your doctor straight away if you develop symptoms of liver condition, including: dark urine, yellowing of eyes/skin, persistent nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal discomfort.
Pioglitazone doesn't usually cause blood that is low (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other medications that are anti-diabeticsuch as insulin or a sulfonylurea). Minimal bloodstream sugar is much more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually exercise that is heavy or do not consume enough calories from food. To help prevent low blood sugar, eat dishes on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Consult your doctor or pharmacist to uncover what you should do if you miss a meal.
Apparent symptoms of low blood sugar levels consist of unexpected sweating, shaking, quick heartbeat, hunger, blurred eyesight, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. If you don't have these reliable forms of glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar levels by eating a quick source of sugar such as for instance dining table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor right away in regards to the response and the usage of this item.
Signs and symptoms of high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, fast respiration, or fruity breath odor. If these signs occur, tell your medical practitioner right away. Your dosage might need to be increased.
an extremely severe reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you observe any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of this face/tongue/throat), dizziness, trouble breathing.
It is not a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Within the US -
Call your physician for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your medical practitioner for medical advice about side impacts. You may possibly report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking pioglitazone, tell your medical practitioner or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Keep in touch with your pharmacist to get more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: heart disease (such as congestive heart failure, chest pain), liver disease, fluid in your lungs, swelling (edema), anemia, a certain eye problem (macular edema), bladder cancer.
You could experience blurred eyesight, dizziness, or drowsiness as a result of extremely low or blood that is high levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.
Limit alcohol while taking this medication because it can raise the danger of developing blood sugar that is low.
It might be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your treatment plan, medications, or blood sugar testing.
Before having surgery, tell your physician or dental practitioner about most of the items you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal items).
Pioglitazone may raise the threat of bone tissue break in ladies (usually within the arm that is upper hand, or foot). See also Notes area.
Pioglitazone can cause changes into the cycle that is menstrualpromote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your pharmacist or doctor about the employment of trustworthy birth control while using this medication.
This medication must certanly be utilized only once demonstrably required during maternity. Discuss the risks and advantages with your medical professional. Your physician may substitute insulin for this drug during your pregnancy. Follow all instructions carefully.
It's not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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