Phenytoin can be used to prevent and get a grip on seizures (also referred to as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic medication). It really works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain.
OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this medication being not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your wellness care professional. Make use of this medication for a disorder that is listed in this section only if it is so prescribed by the medical care pro.
This drug may also be used to treat certain types of irregular heartbeats.
Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking phenytoin and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your physician or pharmacist.
Simply take this medicine by mouth frequently as soon as a day or in divided doses as directed by your doctor. You may take it with food if stomach occurs that are upset. Take this medicine with a glass that is full8 ounces or 240 milliliters) of water unless your physician directs you otherwise.
Swallow the capsules whole. Don't use the capsules if discolored.
Use this medication regularly in order to have the most benefit from it. It is important to take all doses on time to keep the amount of medicine in your body at a constant level. Remember to put it to use during the time( that is same) each day. Dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to treatment.
Products which contain calcium (e.g., antacids, calcium supplements) and tube-feeding that is nutritionalenteral) products may decrease the absorption of phenytoin. Do not take these products at the time that is same your phenytoin dosage. Separate fluid nutritional products at least 1 hour before and 1 hour after your phenytoin dose, or as directed by the medical practitioner.
Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor. Seizures may become worse if the medication is instantly stopped. Your dose may gradually need to be decreased.
Inform your doctor if your trouble does not improve or worsens.
Headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, feeling of spinning, drowsiness, difficulty sleeping, or nervousness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor immediately.
Phenytoin might cause swelling and bleeding regarding the gums. Massage your gum tissue and brush and floss your teeth frequently to minimize this issue. See your dentist regularly.
Remember your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your doctor straight away if some of these unlikely but side that is serious happen: unusual eye movements, loss of coordination, slurred message, confusion, muscle twitching, double or blurred vision, tingling of the hands/feet, facial modifications (e.g., inflamed lips, butterfly-shaped rash around the nose/cheeks), excessive hair development, increased thirst or urination, unusual tiredness, bone or pain, easily broken bones.
Only a few those who just take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as for example seizure, bipolar disorder, pain) may experience despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood dilemmas. Tell your physician appropriate away if you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.
For males, in the very event that is unlikely have a painful or extended erection lasting 4 or more time, stop applying this drug and seek immediate medical assistance, or permanent problems could happen.
Get medical help straight away if some of these rare but very serious side effects occur: uncontrolled muscle movements, muscle mass weakness/pain, bloated glands (lymph nodes), stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes or epidermis, dark urine, easy bruising/bleeding, indications of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat or fever), chest discomfort, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat.
a severe allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious reaction that is allergic: rash, high fever, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In america -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about unwanted effects. You may report side effects to Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your medical professional for medical advice about side-effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking phenytoin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to other anti-seizure medications (e.g., carbamazepine, ethotoin, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, trimethadione); or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive that may cause allergic reactions or other issues. Speak to your pharmacist for additional information.
Before making use of this medication, tell your physician or pharmacist your medical history, particularly of: alcohol use, particular bloodstream conditions (porphyria), diabetes, liver illness, lupus, folate or supplement B-12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia).
This drug might make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit alcoholic beverages. Alcohol might also affect your bloodstream quantities of this medication.
Tell your physician you are utilizing phenytoin prior to surgery or any procedure that makes you unable to take it by mouth.
This drug may increase your blood sugar levels if you have diabetes. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor. Promptly report any abnormal results as directed. Your medicine, fitness plan, or diet might need to be adjusted.
Vitamin D supplements might be essential to avoid weakening regarding the bones (osteomalacia). Discuss this together with your doctor.
During pregnancy, this medication ought to be used only once demonstrably needed. It may damage an unborn baby. However, since untreated seizures are a condition that is serious can harm both a pregnant woman and her developing fetus, do not stop taking this medication unless directed by your doctor. If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy. Since birth control pills, patches, implants, and injections may not work if taken with this particular medicine (see also Drug Interactions section), discuss reliable forms of birth control with your physician.
Phenytoin passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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