Metformin is combined with a proper exercise and diet program and possibly along with other medications to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling blood that is high aids in preventing kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Appropriate control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin works by assisting to restore your body's proper response towards the insulin you naturally produce. It decreases the amount of sugar that your particular liver makes and your stomach/intestines absorb.
OTHER USES: This part contains uses of this medication which are not listed in the approved labeling that is professional the drug but which may be recommended by the wellness care professional. Use this drug for a condition which is placed in this section only when it is often so prescribed by your wellbeing care professional.
Metformin may be used with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to prevent diabetes in people who are at high risk for becoming diabetic. It is also used in women with a certain disease of the ovaries (polycystic ovarian syndrome). Metformin may make cycles that are menstrual regular and increase fertility.
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking metformin and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your physician, frequently 1-3 times a day with meals. Drink lots of liquids while taking this medicine unless otherwise directed by the medical practitioner.
The dosage relies on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of side effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a dose that is low slowly raise your dose. Follow your physician's instructions carefully.
Take this medication regularly in order to obtain the benefit that is most from it. Remember to use it at the times that are same time.
If you're already taking another anti-diabetic drug (like chlorpropamide), follow your doctor's instructions carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and starting metformin.
Always check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your doctor. Keep track of the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment might have to be changed.
Nausea, sickness, stomach upset, diarrhoea, weakness, or a taste that is metallic the mouth may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly. If stomach symptoms return later (after taking the dose that is same several days or weeks), tell your doctor right away. Stomach symptoms that occur after the first days of your treatment might be indications of lactic acidosis.
Keep in mind that your doctor has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Metformin does not usually cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other anti-diabetic medications. Consult with your doctor or pharmacist about perhaps the dose of your other diabetic s that are medication( has to be lowered.
Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar consist of sudden sweating, shaking, quick heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat blood sugar that is low. In the event that you don't possess these reliable types of glucose, rapidly boost your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as dining table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor about the reaction right away. Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually exercise that is heavy or do not consume sufficient calories from food. To help prevent blood that is low, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your pharmacist or doctor to find out what you ought to do if you skip a meal.
Symptoms of high bloodstream sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity breath smell. If these signs happen, tell your doctor immediately. Your doctor may need certainly to adjust your diabetes medication(s).
Stop using this medicine and inform your doctor right away if this extremely serious side-effect happens: lactic acidosis (see Warning section).
an extremely serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you see any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially associated with the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble respiration.
This is simply not a list that is complete of adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Into the US -
Call your medical practitioner for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side-effects. You'll report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking this medicine, inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to metformin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: severe breathing problems (such as obstructive lung disease, severe asthma), blood dilemmas (such as for instance anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), kidney condition, liver disease.
Before having surgery or any X-ray/scanning procedure using injectable iodinated contrast material, tell your doctor that you are taking this medication. You will need to temporarily stop this medication before the right time of your surgery/procedure. Consult your physician for further instructions.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dental practitioner about all of the items you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and natural products).
You may experience blurred eyesight, dizziness, or drowsiness due to extremely low or blood that is high levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.
Limit alcohol while using this medication as it increases your threat of lactic acidosis and developing low blood sugar.
Tall fever, "water pills" (diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide), too much sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting could potentially cause loss in too much body water (dehydration) and increase your danger of lactic acidosis. Stop taking this medicine and tell your doctor immediately for those who have prolonged diarrhea or vomiting. Be sure to drink sufficient liquids to avoid dehydration unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
It might be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your therapy plan, medications, or blood sugar testing.
Older grownups might be at greater risk for side-effects such as low bloodstream sugar or lactic acidosis.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only whenever clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits along with your medical practitioner. Your doctor may direct you to definitely instead use insulin with this product during your pregnancy. Follow your physician's instructions very carefully.
Metformin can cause alterations in the menstrual cycle (promote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about the use of trustworthy birth control while using this medicine.
Metformin passes into breast milk in small amounts. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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